The arrow points to the vernal equinox. The constellations are marked with the Abraxas codes.
As a bright, shimmering band, the Milky Way - our galaxy - stretches across the starry sky. In the myths of ancient cultures, it is the street on which the souls of the unborn and the deceased walk. Only since the invention of telescopes, astrocameras and radio telescopes has the galaxy been a research object and the cause of various theories about the origin and shape of space. It consists of star clusters, planetary nebulae, dark and glowing gas clouds, spiral nebulae (which are nothing more than distant galaxies) and 200 billion of various fixed stars, of which our sun is a quite typical representative. In the constellation of Swan you can see a constellation that is light-years away. The galaxies tend to form groups. Our group covers a space of 3 billion light years and contains 18 galaxies. Our "neighboring street" in space is the Andromeda nebula.
In our latitudes, the Polarstern stands about halfway up the northern horizon and is a bright, but by no means the brightest star in the sky. Like the sun and most stars, it is a fixed star that produces its own light. It is of great importance for orientation in the sky. With the help of the Sky Trolley, he can be found and soon discovered as the star around which all the others turn, while he seems to be the only one standing still. The reason for this is that it stands exactly in the extension of the earth's axis, as shown in the drawing. This axis between north and south pole does not stand perpendicular to the earth's orbit but is inclined - like a huge gyroscope, the earth rotates around its axis. One rotation of a gyroscope lasts 26,000 years; the "Spring Point" - March 21st - runs through all 12 zodiac constellations. So this day stood before 7000 in the bull, walked then through the ram, stands today in the fish and moves on to the Aquarius.
The Leo stands in the sky, the little one above the back of the big one.
Regulus (R) is considered the heart of the great Leo. It is one of the brightest stars in the sky and is also called King's Star. In the fairy tales and fables of all peoples, the lion is the king of the animals. According to Greek legend, the hero Heracles's first task was to kill the invulnerable Nemish lion - when his arrow slipped, he bravely entered the lion's den and strangled him in his arms. The Untier's head became his helmet, the fur his coat.
He has a sense of family and a warm-hearted disposition. His disposition is noble, his appearance is not free from a desire for prestige. He is very proud and whoever offends him will not remain unscathed. He likes to be in the centre of attention, he's communicative and cheerful. Its deepest interior, however, is surrounded by an impenetrable wall.
Cancer is a fairly inconspicuous constellation. According to the Greek legend, he was close friends with the Hydra and bravely helped her in the fight against Heracles by tucking the hero into her heel several times - which Heracles found quite annoying.
In nature there are crayfish, crabs, knight crabs, the palm thief, who can fetch and open coconuts from the tree, lobsters and lobsters are among the many thousands of different species. The hermit crab spends its sensitive abdomen in the shells of porcelain snails or cockleshells and is constantly on the lookout for ever larger, well-fitting housings during the growing season.
He is domestic, sensitive, sometimes also hypersensitive. As a friend he is reliable and helpful, tender and faithful in love. He combines ingenuity with manual dexterity, is artistically talented and of great endurance.
The Gemini can't be missed in the sky. Pollux (P) is one of the brightest stars hardly less bright is the interesting multiple system of Kastor (K). One large and two small stars orbit with invisible companions, probably planets, a common center.
In the Greek legend of Dioscury, the Gemini are the sons of Zeus and Leda, but only Pollux is immortal like his father. When Castor falls in battle with the sharp-sighted Lynceus and the strong Idas, Pollux begs Zeus to let him die, because he loves his brother more than his life. Instead, Zeus grants the brothers to share death and immortality with each other: Together they spend one day each in the underworld and one day on earth.
In his soul, high ideals fight with selfish impulses. Only at a more mature age does he find harmony. Mental agility and sociability make life easy.
This extensive constellation was called Taurus before most constellations had a name. His heart is the luminous Aldebaran (A), a so-called red giant of immense heat.
According to ancient Sumerian legend, the godfather Anu creates the celestial beast, which is to protect Ishtar against their attackers.
In Greek legend, Zeus transforms himself into a bull to kidnap the enchanting Europe. A son of this adventure is Minos. When he becomes king of Crete, he refuses to give thanksgiving to the gods. As a punishment, his wife gives birth to the Minotaur - a monster with a bull's head and a human body to which young girls and boys are sacrificed in the labyrinth.
He loves all his loved ones with pleasure, can separate from nothing and nobody, is tender, passionate, jealous - a tireless worker when the task tempts him - and bossy.
The Aries is an inconspicuous constellation. It has its great importance from the Aries period, in which 5000 years ago calendars and zodiacs were established. At that time, the springtime point was marked by Aries. Even today, the celestial orientation of Aries time is still the basis of all astrological calculations.
After the Aries Phrixos and Helle had flown over the sea, he was transferred to heaven. From then on, his golden fur hung in a holy tree and was guarded by dragons. Jason - with the help of the Argonauts and the sorceress Medea - managed to rob the golden fleece. So he passed the test of courage demanded of him and became king of Jolkas.
Courage, enthusiasm, determination and good team spirit make him a successful man. With a thirst for adventure and strong self-confidence, he is exciting in love - but also quite demanding.
The Pisces are not a small constellation, but they do not have a particularly bright or remarkable star. Since the vernal equinox has been in this sign for about 2000 years, we live - astrologically speaking - in the age of fish.
In the biblical story of creation, Moses tells us how GOD commands the water to "excite with living and weaving animals" even before the creation of animals and humans.
As early as 550 B. C. Greek philosophers developed the nowadays generally accepted theory that all living beings developed out of the water.
He is cheerful and modest, loves to socialize and is a witty conversationalist. His penchant for dreams makes him receptive to art, but does not interfere with his sense of reality. In love he is tender and considerate. His silence makes him a trustworthy interlocutor.
The Aquarius climbs over the horizon on autumn evenings. Sadalsud (S) announces the rainy season and in Arab astrology means "happiest star in the world".
The Aquarius refers to the mystery of birth: in the water of the amniotic sac, the infant "floats" into the world. On New Year's Eve of the early Aries period, the sun entered the Aquarius and inaugurated the birth of the new year. The vernal equinox will reach the Aquarius around the year 2100. Then the Age of Aquarius will begin, bringing peace, happiness and prosperity with it.
The mythology of all ancient folk tales enlivens seas, rivers and ponds with human-like water spirits. The cruel Nöck steals little children - the seductive mermaid draws beautiful youngsters into a wet grave.
A thirst for research and practical reason make him a cool observer. He always adapts his views and behaviour to the latest findings.
The Capricorn was only recently created from the goatfish of the Babylonian zodiac.
Greek mythology connects the constellation with Pan, the all-embracing concept of the oldest natural religions and goat-shaped shepherd god. He once followed Syrinx with relish - but the shy nymph turned into a reed. Pan cut himself out of it the shepherd's flute, on which from now on loving meadows played. Out of the darkness of long forgotten myths comes Aiga, with which he produced Aigipan, the goatfish. Diving out of the ocean waves, Aigipan blew fearsome on the conch shell horn, panicked the enemies of Zeus in the Titan fight and was transported to heaven as a constellation. But his horns and goats' feet live on in the devil.
He fulfils tasks conscientiously and loves love and success. He is reluctant to make decisions, is musically - and stubborn.
In the constellation of the Sagittarius lies today the winter solstice, to which the ancient peoples of the north burned the winter and lovers jumped through the fire.
According to Greek tradition, the Sagittarius belongs to the mountain people of the Centaurs. Once upon a time, the King of the Lapiths invited the wild horses to his wedding. Since they were not accustomed to wine, they quickly got drunk and violently tried to rob the country's daughters. After a bloody struggle they were driven out by the Lapiths. Some of them retreated to the volcanic mountains of Magnesia. There they guarded one of the entrances to the underworld and pursued the wicked with their arrows. The others settled in beautiful Arcadia under the leadership of the wise Chiron.
He pursues tasks with determination, even higher ideals. He has a great sense of duty, he is ambitious, successful, superior - but can sometimes lose self-control.
In the Scorpio there is one of the most magnificent stars in the sky, Antares (A), next to many bright stars. It is a double star: A hot sun circulates around a relatively cool, red giant.
In the ancient Sumerian Gilgamesh epic, the Scorpio guards guard the gate of Mount Maschu, to which the sun enters and exits daily. When Gilgamesh asks for admission, the scorpion woman checks his innermost essence, then the scorpion man opens the gate and carefully describes to the hero the lonely way through the mountain interior - the night - to the sun god.
In the Greek Orion myth, the mighty hunter boasts that he can kill all the animals. When Orion also follows the Pleiades, Gaia finally orders the Scorpio to execute him.
In his work, he is reliable and of rational consequence - in his dear friend, faithful and selfless in marriage - he is a little too self-critical.
The constellation of the Libra in Arab astrology was called "Chelai" - scissors - and belonged to the Scorpio, who according to Greek tradition had to execute the judgement of the gods.
In Roman mythology, the Libra is the emblem of Justitia, the goddess of justice. Legend has it that, in the Iron Age, it was the last of the Celestials to leave the earth filled with crime and settle in the sky as a luminous sign. Works of art from later times gave her the blindfold - above all to remind us not to judge people by their worldly prestige - but perhaps also to spare the goddess the sight of imperfect human justice.
In his job and love he is characterized by harmony, love of truth, a sure sense of judgement and adaptability. He rarely shows weaknesses in decision-making or prejudice.
Spica (S), the spike is the brightest star in the virgin and one of the brightest in the sky, which is why the constellation was originally called "spike".
When the oldest peoples settled down, farming was mainly in the hands of women. In many cases, the maternal law applied and the spike was the symbol of powerful fertility goddesses. They were served by chaste, men-despising priestesses immortalized in the myth of the warlike people of the beautiful Amazons, who feared love and hated men.
The Greeks traced the beginning of cereal cultivation back to Demeter and worshipped the goddess in Greece's oldest secret cult - the Eleusinian mystery - following the cereal harvest, a season in which the sun was the sign of the Virgin.
Reasonable and practical at work - shy and reserved in love - caring in marriage. Love nature, is a little too sober.
The Big Bear never sinks in the northern sky and is always good to see. Its brightest stars form the celestial carriage with which the polar star can be found. It stands in the extension of the back car stars and forms the tail point of the Little Bear.
Kallisto was the lovely princess of Arcadia. Often and gladly she wandered through the native forests, without knowing that Zeus was watching her well. She grew up, got married, had a son - Arkas - and became more and more beautiful until finally Hera - Zeus' jealous wife - could no longer suppress her envy and the urgent desire to get her out of the world. She turned Kallisto into a shaggy bear. A few years later, Arkas almost shot his own mother in the hunt - but Zeus turned him into the Little Bear and sent both of them to heaven. Fiercely angry, Hera forbade the constellations from ever coming to the other side of heaven.
The romance of Helios with the beautiful Egyptian Klymene is Phaeton. He grew up fatherlessly and suffered greatly under the mockery of other children. As a young man he set out to visit his father. Far behind India he reached the Sun God's palace when he climbed into his golden chariot to embark on the daily journey to heaven. Phaeton asked the father to be allowed to drive the car only once. Helios, who had neglected him for so many years, retired with a heavy heart. Boldly Pheaton scurried away and immediately burned a large scratch in the sky, the Milky Way. Frightened, he directed in the other direction and set Africa on fire. Since then, the people there have been blackburned. Zeus hurled a lightning bolt and Phaeton fell into the Eridanus. The burnt-out celestial carriage stopped at the Big Bear. Hephaistos had to forge a new car for the sun god in his volcanic workshop.
The Cup is a smaller constellation in the southern sky. Cup and vine are symbols of the Dionysus.
The contradiction of the numerous Greek myths about his birth and his life suggest his origin from Far Eastern natural religions. He travelled with a strange retinue: Satyr was related to the Pan, later called Faun by the Romans; Silen resembled the Centaurs, and the maenad loved flowing oriental robes, as did Dionysus. Women often joined the maenads to the sorrow of their husbands. At wild orgies in the mountains at night, they were furious, danced to the point of senselessness and tore animals to pieces, even people they thought were animals. Wine and religious delusion led to visions, expansion of consciousness - not infrequently to insanity, the "weapon of Dionysus". The Romans took over his cult, called him Bacchus and celebrated the dissipated Bacchanalia.
The Hydra is the longest constellation in the northern and southern starry sky.
The nine-headed snake lived with her boyfriend, the crab around Marsh of Lerna. Heracles took them out of their camp with the burning arrows and hacked into their heads with the sword. But for every head he took off, two new heads grew back. The cancer constantly pinched him in the foot. Then Heracles called for the help of his friend Jolaos, who burned out the Hydra's necks with torches. Now no more heads could grow back. Only one of the heads was immortal, buried under a large stone. Then Heracles split the fuselage and plunged his arrows into the poisonous bile of the Hydra. Many years later this became his own doom. When his young wife Deianeira was shamelessly harassed by Nessos, Heracles shot him with a poison dart. When dying, Nessos advised the unsuspecting to use his blood as a love spell, which she did.
The Great Dog and the Little Dog stand east of Orion. Sirius (S) is the brightest star in the whole sky and one of our closest neighbors is our sun. It is a double star surrounded by a white dwarf with superheavy matter.
The Great Dog is Lailaps. Zeus gave it to Europe when he left it. Lailaps had the wonderful gift that he couldn't escape. But he was hired for a vixen with the no less wonderful ability that she could never be caught. If Zeus hadn't intervened and moved the animals to heaven, they would have died of exhaustion during their endless hunt.
The Little Dog is Cerberus, who guarded the entrance to Hades. He greeted entering souls wagging their tails - but when they tried to leave Hades, he ate them up.
With the old Teutons, dogs were regarded as "ghost-sighted", which could explain their sometimes incomprehensible barking.
Since time immemorial, this constellation has been called "Charioteer". However, since several Greek charioteers are disputing the fame of being immortalized in it, the honour is to be given to the ferryman, who has an important role in the oldest myths.
In ancient times, it was thought to be surrounded by a river, on the other side of which the underworld began.
In the Sumerian myth, the Charioteer's name is Urschanabi. He takes the hero Gilgamesh, who is looking for eternal life, to the other side and back again - and even stabs him into that bay, where Gilgamesh plunges stones in weight and picks the herb from the seabed. Unfortunately, it is stolen by the snake shortly afterwards.
In the Greek myth, his name is Charon. To him Hermes leads the souls of the deceased, which he translates against an obolos - which is why it was very important to give the deceased some small change to the grave.
Orion with the three belt stars is a magnificent winter constellation. Rigel (R) and Betelgeuse (B) are both supergiants of that rare,"mortal" size that can become a supernova.
In the Greek myth, Orion is a son of Poseidon and the mistress of Eos. In the sporting competition, he gained the admiration of the hunting goddess Artemis. Ruthlessly, however, he not only pursues animals, but also the shy plejads who fear him, until Gaia finally orders the Scorpio to end. Thanks to Artemis? advocacy, he is transferred to an animal-rich place in the starry sky.
Orion is the Greek name of the powerful hunter Nimrod, great-grandson of Noah and ancestor of the African peoples, founder of the Assyrian Empire and builder of the Tower of Babel. In cuneiform script, the clay-panel libraries of Nineveh report on the cruel acts of his successors, but also on the culture of the subjugated people, of magic and astronomy.
The Hare is a bright constellation between Orion and the Great Dog. The honour of shining eternally in the sky is due less to his speeding than to his fabulous fertility.
A plague of Hares is reported, which caused ecological difficulties on the small island of Leros near Karia - a part of today's Turkey. First, only one citizen brought a pregnant female hare from the mainland. The islanders liked the animal, they started to breed it. Soon, however, it reproduced so much that the crops were no longer sufficient to feed people and rabbits. The islanders asked Artemis for help in case of starvation. The goddess of hunting advised them to form a chain and drive the animals into the sea with sticks. Thousands of them drowned there. But they sent a rabbit to the sky. Thus, Orion has a sacrifice that reproduces faster than he can shoot - reminding all hunters to care for the animals, but not to exterminate them.
In the constellation Perseus stands Algol (A), which in ancient times was called "Demon" because it blinks. Algol is a multiple system in which a dark star orbits a bright double star, hiding it from the earth every two days for 10 hours.
Zeus turned into a golden rain to cheat on his wife with Danae. Hera found out anyway. Thus Perseus, Danaes son, did not have an easy but heroic life. Immediately after birth, he and his mother were taken to the sea in a crate. They were rescued, but as soon as he grew up, he had to fetch the head of Medusa - her sight turned every mortal man into stone. But the gods helped him: Hermes lent him wing shoes, magic sword and camouflage helmet - on the advice of Athena, the goddess of wisdom, he looked at Medusa only in the mirror of his shield, separated unscathed the snake-haired head from the fuselage and saved Andromeda's life.
The Pleiades are a small open star cluster near the Taurus. Their stars bring the nebula of gas to light them up like ghosts. With the naked eye, six to eight stars can be distinguished, which is why they were also called eye examiners in the ancient times of the Seven Sisters.
Atlas was the giant who carried the sky on his shoulders. Later he was transformed into the Atlas Mountains by Perseus to avoid feeling the oppressive burden. The Meernymphe Plejone was the mother of his seven daughters Alkyone, Asterope, Elektra, Kelaino, Maja, Merope and Taygeta. Orion saw her once on a river bank, bathing and singing with her mother, half hidden by morning fog. He broke lusts through the bushes, but they fled scared. For seven years they ran away from him, who tirelessly pursued them through all of Africa until Zeus brought the exhausted ones to safety in the starry sky. There he still follows them at a safe distance.
The Star River Eridanus stretches far beyond the southern and the northern sky. It is the mirror image of all the great rivers of the earth, because also in it many springs unite to a shimmering band, which ends after numerous loops and sweeps in a wide estuary.
Legend has it that Phaeton was flung out of the Sky Carriage by Zeus with a flash of lightning after he set the earth on fire in his youthful recklessness. Like a burning torch he fell into the Eridanus and drowned miserably after his careless journey. His half-sisters, the Heliades, left the palace of the sun god and lined the river bank. They wept so ceaselessly for Phaeton that their tears turned into amber and they turned into poplars themselves. Zeus, however, angrily let go of all the rivers to extinguish the burning earth. This is how the Flood came into being in the Greek myth.
The small but conspicuous constellation Cassiopeia wanders behind Kepheus around the polar star, depending on the celestial state it resembles a maternal M or a sad W.
Kassiopeia was the wife of Kepheus, who was king in Ethiopia many years ago. Her only child was Andromeda, a beautiful daughter who loved her dearly. In fact, Andromeda was of such charm that the happy mother once proudly proclaimed that she was even more beautiful than the Nereids. This would have stayed stuck in her throat, because the Nereids were the sister-in-law of Poseidon, the feared god of the sea. Of course, he heard the pronouncement and was very angry about it. He sent away his most dreadful sea monster and demanded that Andromeda be sacrificed to him, otherwise he would destroy the kingdom. The desperate mother of the state had to bow to him. (The history of miraculous salvation).
The Triangle of the south consists of bright stars and can only be seen in the southern starry sky.
It is reminiscent of the great scholars of antiquity. Without the aid of technology, almost without instruments, they came through observation, reflection and exchange of ideas to a wealth of essential findings, which have not lost their validity to this day and are the foundations of science and research.
At first they called themselves "wise men". Pythagoras, who was no less wise than his predecessors, was the first to humbly call himself "friend of wisdom": philosopher. At that time, this profession was much more versatile than it is today. The philosophers explored all branches of science and spirit. Among other things, they did mathematics, which at that time was as much as astronomy and astrology combined. They investigated the triangle and found that its many-sided relationships, such as the size of the angles or the length of the sides, are interdependent.
With an inconsiderate exclamation, Queen Cassiopeia aroused the wrath of the sea god. That some mortal virgin was more beautiful than his sister-in-law, the Nereids, he could not and did not want to go unpunished. So he ordered a huge whale fish to first of all unsettle the coasts of the kingdom, knock over fishing boats and destroy harbours. Afterwards the animal should swim to a certain rock and eat a princess chained there.
The Whale Fish did as he was told. When he came to the rock, however, he was unlucky that Princess Andromeda and a certain Perseus were waiting for him. He pulled something out of a bag that was curiously curling. In anticipation of his favourite dish, the multi-armed squid, the whale looked at it greedily - and was quickly transformed by the snake-haired head of Medusa into a rocky island. But Poseidon put his obedient beast under the stars.
Kepheus was the king of Ethiopia a long time ago, a man who had a hard time with his old age. One day he was met by a delegation of fishermen who complained about a huge whale that destroyed property and human life on the coasts. The helpless king set off on the arduous journey to Delphi to question the famous oracle. He hurried back in a frightening pale lightning and told his wife Cassiopeia of Poseidon's outrageous demand. But the welfare of the land was first - the royal parents had to chain their only child to a rock and leave it to its horrible fate. I guess no one closed their eyes that night. When an unknown man burst into the royal bedroom at an impossible time and asked Princess Andromeda's hand, the parents promised him everything if he would only save her, which he did. He didn't even want the kingdom.
The beautiful princess had bravely bowed to the Oracle and was ready to die for the good of the people. Alone in the dark night she lost courage. She thought of her poor mother and began to sob. This was heard by Perseus, who just flew through the air with his wing shoes high above her, glad about his victory, the dangerous trophy in his hand. He came down and found the enchanting Andromeda, who was helplessly chained to the rock and awaited her certain death. Both were love at first sight. Perseus comfortingly held her by the hand that he held a few minutes later in her parents' palace - not without getting a bag that concealed the head of Medusa from her loved ones. At dawn he held it in front of the monster's nose, which turned into stone as expected. After the wedding Perseus founded his own kingdom, into which many children were born and were very happy.
Pegasus was the winged steed of antiquity, always at the service of the nine Muses of the arts. Four muses inspired literature with him, two theater, one song and one dance with him - and one promoted astronomy.
As a guest at the court of Tyrins he gave a basket to the royalty. Angry, she demanded his death. Her husband, however, did not want to violate the right of hospitality and sent Bellerophontes with his sealed death sentence to King Jobates in Lycia. Jobates didn't open the letter until the ninth day - and then he didn't want to kill the loved one either. Instead, he asked him to free his country from the fire-breathing chimera. After a strange dream, Bellerophontes woke up on Pegasus? back. He shot the beast in high flight and became very famous. But this rose to his head and he steered the winged horse to heaven. Annoyingly, Zeus sent a brake, which pricked Pegasus. He bucked and dropped Bellerophontes, who fell hard to the ground.
In the constellation Swan the center of our galaxy is assumed. Deneb (D) is one of the brightest stars in the sky, despite its immense distance. From Deneb to Earth, a ray of light takes 930 years. The fastest aircraft would have to travel 300 million years for this route.
In the Greek myth, Zeus turned into a Swan to seduce Leda, of which his god's wife is once again not to notice anything. The bathing Leda is happy about the confidence of the beautiful animal and can be caressed. Then she gives birth to two shining eggs. The twins slip out of one side, and the beautiful Helena around whom the Trojan war breaks out.
Lohengrin comes from the British myth of the Holy Grail. A swan pulls his own swan and no one is allowed to ask about the whereabouts of his journey. The folk tales of all countries enchant brothers in swans, redeemed by silent sisters.
The Dolphin is a small, very beautiful constellation, and not too far from the lyre.
Arion lived around 700 BC at the court of Corinth and was the most famous songwriter of his time. They were reluctant to let him travel to Sicily for a singing contest. There he sang himself precious prizes and embarked again for his journey home. But his treasures did not leave the captain alone. On the high seas he decided to throw Arion overboard and granted him one last wish. Arion took his lyre and played a melancholy farewell song. He used it to lure a flock of dolphins. When the captain pushed the artist away from the Rehling, they took him on their backs, fished the lyre out of the waves and carried him across the sea to Corinth, while Arion sang and played for them. A little later his ship landed there as well. The captain was executed. The gods immortalized Arion on the dolphin's back in the sky.
In mythology and heraldry the eagle is of great importance. In the Nordic legend it is a symbol of Odin, the wisest of the Aesir and father of mankind. He sits at the top of the ashes of Yggdrasil and is all on earth. As a symbol of earthly power, Ptolemy I appointed him as the heraldic animal of Egypt. The Roman emperors and commanders adorned themselves with eagle standards. He also appeared to Napoleon as a worthy symbol of his power. In the sky the eagle is a small, very bright constellation with Atair (A), one of the brightest stars of all. Atair is the eagle of Zeus.
Prometheus was a nephew of Zeus and made people out of clay. When he stole fire from the fire of the gods for their sake, Zeus chained him to a rock as punishment. Every day the eagle came and fed on the liver, which grew back at night to the subhereditary. He hung there for 30,000 years until Heracles shot the eagle and freed Prometheus from his torture.
Wega (W) in the Lyre is the brightest star of the northern sky and will take the place of the polar star in 12,000 years due to the gyroscopic motion of the earth's axis. The Lyre is a stringed instrument and was as popular in antiquity as the guitar is today.
Orpheus was able to tame wild animals with his lyre-play, even stones and trees followed him if he wanted to. He was one of the Argonauts - through his game, the dragon who guarded the golden fleece fell asleep tirelessly. After this trip Orpheus married Euridike, who was all too soon bitten by a poisonous snake deadly. Orpheus entered the underworld and enchanted Hades and Persephone with his moving game. They allowed Euridike to follow him, but he was not allowed to look around until they were on earth. Since he could not hear her step, he suddenly doubted whether she was still behind him. He looked around - and her shadow disappeared forever in the darkness.
The constellation of the Dragon huddles enormously over the Polarstern and reflects the numerous dragon monsters of mythology, whose task is always to guard gold treasures or audible virgins.
In the Greek legend, a dragon guards the golden apples of the Hesperides and is killed by Heracles - another dragon guards the golden fleece.
In Confucius, the Dragon is a symbol of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. In ancient China, the national coat of arms is considered lucky.
With the earth-destroying dragon worm Dahaka, ancient Persia connects a special dragon cult.
In Nordic mythology he spans the whole earth as a midgard snake.
The task of the heroes is to destroy dragons. Besides the gold treasure, the dragonslayer also receives secret gifts: The pleasure of the dragon's heart brings animal language to life. Coating with dragon's blood makes it invulnerable (as Siegfried in the Nibelungenlied says). But also church saints such as St. George have overcome dragons.
M 13 in the constellation of Hercules is the most beautiful globular cluster of the northern sky. It is one of the 18 galaxies of our local system and consists of countless "red giants", the oldest of all stars.
Alkmene believed to be embraced by her husband Amphitrion, but Zeus had turned into Zeus to cheat on his wife Hera. Heracles, the child of this fling, has been haunted by Hera's enmity for life. Immediately after his birth, she put two snakes in the cradle for him, which he crushed easily. He grew to enormous physical strength. Twelve heroic deeds were assigned to him, in the course of which he was victorious in countless other adventures. After a glorious life, he died of the poison of hydra. His deification was taken over by the Romans. She merged with him with her husband Hercules. In astrology he was equated with his twelve deeds on the Sun's path through the zodiac.
The contiguous constellations Serpent and Ophiuchus (dashed line) are listed individually in astronomy.
Classical mythology connects both constellations with the Greek Asklepios, which the Romans call Aesculap. He enjoys worship similar to God; his landmark is the serpent staff. The famous physician is considered the son of Apollo - the god of youth, healing and divination and head of the muses. As a disciple of the wise Chiron, Aesculap learns the art of healing so perfectly that his skill becomes immeasurably useful to mankind, but fateful to himself. He's presumptuous enough to bring a dead man back to life. Zeu
In the Sumerian myth, the serpent steals man's herb of life - it sheds its skin to eternal youth and immortality, while man must accept death.
The characteristic constellation of the Northern Crown is also called "Diadem der Ariadne".
Behind the back of the King of Athens, Poseidon seduced the wise Aithra. She gave birth to Theseus, who was brought up by the wise Chiron, and who carried out many heroic deeds before he mingled with the victims Athens had to send to Minotaurus in Crete. From the amphitrites, who, unlike Hera, did not add anything to her husband's side leaps, he received a bright golden tiara. In Crete, Theseus won the love of Ariadne, the beautiful sister of the monster. She gave him good advice and the ball of thread. In the labyrinth the tiara lit up in front of him. Theseus placed the Minotaur and killed him - and found the exit with the thread. He kidnapped Ariadne and gave her the tiara for her wedding. When she got pregnant, he left her. Dionysus followed her and hurled the tiara to the starry sky.
The Crow is a small constellation close to the cup on the southern starry sky.
In the Sumerian Flood Report, pigeon, swallow and raven are successively sent out by the ark to find land. Swallow and dove come back, only when the crow is absent, Utnapishtim also releases the other animals.
After the Biblical Flood Noah flies the ravens back and forth until the waters have fallen, only then does he send the dove back with the olive branch.
In Germanic mythology, the crows Hugin and Munin sit on Odin's shoulders, fly out every day to explore time and are a symbol of Odin's omniscience.
In Greece, the raven is considered a wise, prophetic bird and is sacred to the Apollo. But because he denigrates his mistress, Apollo transforms his original white plumage into black and places it in the starry sky as a warning to malicious chatterers.
The Wolf is a constellation of the southern sky.
According to Greek tradition, the king Lycaon of Arcadia is immortalized in it.
When Zeus once went to earth in the guise of a wanderer to test the rumours of the corruption of mankind on the spot, he was also a guest at Lykaon. He wanted to put God to the test and gave him the meat of a child in a stew. In disgust, Zeus turned the king into a wolf.
In Rome, the wolf was holy to the war god Mars, and a wolf nursed his sons Romulus and Remus, the twin founders of Rome.
In Norse mythology, the fenrir wolf, sun and moon try to eat again and again - the explanation of the eclipses - which he will finally succeed on the day of the end of the world.
The superstition of the werewolf was widespread among all peoples: people who turn into wolves at night and join the pack of wolves crying.
The constellation Phoenix stands on the southern sky and has only been known since the 17th century.
The phoenix is the legendary sacred bird of the Egyptians. It has purple and golden plumage and burns every 500 years in its nest made of spices. Rejuvenated, it emerges from the fire, traps its ashes in myrrh and carries them to Heliopolis.
There is still a pillar of the famous sun temple, which was considered the source of all wisdom in the Old World.
Phoenix means "golden skin". The Phoenicians received their name from their reddish-brown skin colour. This important trading people paid homage to a natural faith. Many of his myths came from the lost religions of the East. In the Phoenix, Melkart lives on, the yearly god of the Phoenicians, who, like Abraxas, unites the charitable and perishable powers of heaven. Melkart burns himself in the summer heat to resurrect to new life in spring.
The constellation of the dove got its name only in 1679th The planets do not only move around the sun - our whole solar system moves with a travel speed of 20km/sec through space, while it has the dove in its back and the constellation Hercules as destination. In the dove floats a dark cloud of stardust, which was crossed by our solar system a long time ago - the ice age could have arisen.
The carrier pigeon has been known to all peoples of the Near and Far East for thousands of years, although it is still not completely clear which sensory organs gave it its ability to orientate itself.
In Greece, Venus was sacred and symbol of married love and harmony. There was a regular pigeon post in Rome. The crusaders brought the carrier pigeons to Central Europe. Quickly and secretly they delivered messages. As a "dove", it was useful for the stock exchange.
The constellation of Argo spans a large part of the southern sky and has been divided into three parts by modern astronomy: Keel, Compass and Sails.
Jason had the Argo built, the most advanced ship the Old World had ever seen, and gathered the most powerful heroes around him, including Heracles, Castor and Pollux and Orpheus. Then they set out to rob the golden fleece. On the journey the Argonauts passed numerous adventures. In the magic land of Colchis, Jason had to plough with fire-breathing bulls, sow the dragon's teeth, sprout from the warriors, and conquer the never-ending dragon who guarded the golden fleece on the sacred tree. He overcame all dangers with the Argonauts and the help of the sorceress Medea, who loved him immortal. He returned with the fleece and Medea after a dangerous return journey, but both brought him no luck and later the planks of the Argo crushed him.
The Southern Cross is the decoration of tropical nights. Its four bright stars are surrounded by the shimmer of the Milky Way. Just like the Polarstern in the northern sky, the cross is oriented towards the southern sky, because its long beam is aimed exactly at the southern pole.
Crucifixion was common in all countries of antiquity. The victims, however, were only tethered. Above the ecclesiastical meaning of the cross, it is easily overlooked that it is represented as a pictorial symbol and a combination of words in the everyday world more often than any other symbol. There are cross keys, crossbars, sacrum, crossbones, cross orders, crucifixes, crucifixes, crossword puzzles, the Red Cross, the Axis cross and the cross-leaf in the deck of cards. Anyone who has not learned to write paints "his cross" and makes "three crosses" when something unpleasant is over. Nowadays, crossing roads is often a confusing place. The path of life also sometimes leads to a crossroads and thus to a decision for a certain direction.
The constellation of Kentaur is close to the Southern Cross. The centaurs of Greek mythology were unruly roughnecks, half human, half horse. After the battle with the Lapiths, some of them settled in Arcadia under Chiron's leadership. There the wine was their doom. They were aroused by his scent and wanted to steal it from the peaceful Pholos, of all people, when Heracles was a guest of his house. A bloody brawl arose and Heracles was to meet again and take revenge on him dying.
Chiron was the wisest scholar of his time, famous for healing and sculpture. The most important heroes emerged from his disciples. He was the only one of the centaurs who was immortal. He suffered horrific torments when Heracles' poison dart hit him by mistake in that fight. He would have loved to have died, but only his transfer to the stars could redeem him.